Progress of the Mantella aurantiaca program
at Association Mitsinjo

Species

Mantella aurantiaca

Common Name(s)

Golden Mantella

Region where program is based

Sub-Saharan Africa

Country where program is based

Madagascar

The authority that recommended this species for an ex situ program

Amphibian Ark

Has a genetic analysis been performed on wild populations to define the target taxon, i.e., verify that single, viable Evolutionarily Significant Units (ESU's) that are managed as separate populations, are not confounded by cryptic species or polymorphisms?

Yes
If the answer to ESU is No, then there should be an entry for the needs in AArk's Conservation Projects list.

Name of the institution managing the ex situ population

Association Mitsinjo

Year the program started

2012

Is at least some portion of the captive population maintained in range country?

Yes

Are sufficient resources available to manage the ex situ population?

No

If additional financial resources are required then there should be an entry for the needs in AArk's Conservation Projects list.

Are adequate numbers of skilled staff available with the appropriate ex situ amphibian experience?

Yes

Is sufficient space available for the required population size?

Yes

If additional facilities are required then there should be an entry for the needs in AArk's Conservation Projects list.

Has a Taxon Management Coordinator for the ex situ population been appointed?

Yes

Taxon Management Coordinator

Devin EdmondsĀ  of Association Mitsinjo

Has a Taxon Management Group or Recovery Team been established?

false

Has a Taxon Management Plan, Recovery Plan or Species Action Statement been written?

No

Web link to Taxon Management Plan

The most recent plan is not accessible on the internet at this stage.

Have Husbandry Guidelines been written?

Yes

Have any knowledge gaps in the species biology or in their interaction with potential threats been identified that could benefit from research using the ex situ population?

Yes

List of knowledge gaps

Survival of tadpoles; survival of juveniles; fecundity; lifespan; behavioral response to environmental changes, temperatures, and habitat types; marking techniques; ability to colonize new breeding sites; development of aposematic coloration in captivity;

Have founder needs been calculated using the AArk Amphibian Population Management Guidelines ?

true

Have sufficient potential founders been collected? ( AArk Amphibian Population Management Guidelines recommends a minimum of 20 pairs of found animals).

Yes

Is the ex situ population managed by nationals from the range country?

Yes

What tools are used to maximize retention of genetic diversity?

None

Has the population produced viable offspring?

Yes

Have the first generation captive-bred animals bred successfully?

Yes

Is the ex situ population housed in permanent isolation from other populations occurring outside its range?

Yes

Is work being supported to study and mitigate threats to the species in the wild, either by the institution or by a regional wildlife agency?

Yes

Have captive-bred or captive-reared animals been released into the wild?

No

If releases were undertaken, have disease screening protocols or veterinary health checks been conducted prior to releases to the wild?

Yes

Is follow-up work being carried out to monitor progress of the released animals?

Is the taxon again secure in the wild, even if it might still require some ongoing in situ management? i.e. has the need for a captive assurance population been obviated such that we can call this a successfully terminated captive rescue program?

No

Comments

Tissue samples were analyzed on a mitochondrial-level from all known localities in June 2012. It was determined there are two main genetic lineages that can be managed as separate conservation units, one from the north (Torotorofotsy/Ambatovy) and one from the south (Mangabe). Our captive population is only representative of the northern lineage. The captive assurance population maintained in Andasibe, Madagascar by Association Mitsinjo is being supported by the Ambatovy mining project as a safeguard to help mitigate the destruction of breeding sites on the footprint of the mine. This species is also well represented in cosmopolitan zoo collections around the world, but with founders from unknown origin in the pet trade and is mostly maintained informally.